2 comments on “PPT Presentation on Ethics in International Business

  1. Ethics in International Business

    I have been guest lecturing in International Business classes at both the BA and MBA levels. One of the lectures I am requested to give is on Ethics in IB. I usually quote Dow Chemical and then talk about where Ethics do not apply, i.e. Russian business conflicts/. Can anyone offer some good tidbits I can throw into my lectures?

    1 month ago
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    11 comments

    phillip scherrer • Hello Steven: I taught international business at UNC Chapel Hill to MBA candidates and I assured them that ethics are a matter of cultural morality. Cultures vary with their ethical and moral standards. It is difficult to apply cross cultural ethics. There can be the inevitable legal conflict between international, national and regional ethics enforcements. A very problematic way—consider many of the Middle East countries where bribery is expected, accepted and demanded. Without it products would sit in ports and warehouses—-of course, it is illegal but government officials are involved in the process, so it is accepted.

    Tunga Kiyak • You may want to talk about:
    * Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and its implications for US businesses trying to compete overseas

    * Transparency International’s Bribe Payers index which ranks major exporting countries based on how likely MNCs from those countries will try to use bribery in an attempt to win business abroad (also includes information about what sectors are the worst) – http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/bpi

    * Again from Transparency Intl, the Corruption Perceptions Index which looks at how corrupt the public sector is in various countries – http://cpi.transparency.org

    * OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises – which talk about how OECD governments expect MNCs based in those countries, as well MNCs operating in those countries are expected to behave (covers more than ethics, but many still relevant with a broader definition of ethics that includes consumer welfare, environment, and labor relations). – http://www.oecd.org/document/28/0,3746,en_2649_34889_2397532_1_1_1_1,00.html

    * There is a good PBS Frontline series on bribery and corruption you can bring into your class – It’s at http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/bribe/

    * There are a number of additional links on Michigan State’s globalEDGE about Corporate Governance that relate to ethics at – http://globaledge.msu.edu/Global-Resources/corporate-governance

    7) And also, globalEDGE has an online module on ethics from which you might gather additional talking points. You can get to it through http://globaledge.msu.edu/Reference-Desk/Online-Course-Modules , it’s under the Culture category.

    Mahamouda Salouhou, PhD. • Dear Tunga, Thank you for these valuable ressources, I’m currently teaching Ethic to 2nd year Master students. The objective of this course is to provide them with a Framework for Thinking Ethically: Utilitarian Approach, Rights Approach, Fairness or Justice Approach, Common Good Approach, Virtue Approach.
    One of the Challenge I’m facing for the last few years is that, students are reluctant to take position, during the case studies or when asked to take position on issues such as bribery.

    Tunga Kiyak • Hi Mahamouda, I don’t think that’s uncommon. Most students feel uneasy about taking positions, especially when they are not quite sure if their position is the ‘right’ position or whether they would end up being alone in their position. In the past I have tried a couple different strategies that have been relatively successful (you will never get everyone to take a position, but with these strategies I have at least had enough people take positions to make the class discussion progress):

    The first key always is to explain to them very clearly that the difficult part of ethics is that the right thing to do is not always crystal clear, and that this is why many managers end up finding themselves at the wrong end of the decisions. That only through deliberation, discussion, and thinking of consequences do you usually figure out whether or not the path you choose may be the more ethical one.

    Here are my strategies:

    1) I play the Devil’s Advocate. So, instead of trying to guide them to a “correct” position or the ‘right way of thinking’, I essentially defend whatever position the majority of the class is going towards and come up with arguments. Once students see that I am comfortable making arguments that go against the majority, more students start to voice their opinion on the issues from one perspective or another. And sometimes I’ll slowly start changing my position (I could begin to agree with them, but it could also be a completely different third position, or I might go even more extreme, depending on where the discussion is going) to see that there is room for people to change their opinions after ideas and perspectives have been put out in the open (so they don’t feel like they have to stick to their original position). Of course, at the end there always needs to be a wrap-up to summarize the take-aways so that they end up confused.

    2) Using a polling/audience response system (we use iClicker) which allows students to take a position anonymously. I show votes on the screen at which point the students realize what the majority thinks, as well as the fact that they are not alone in their own positions. And then I will ask for one or two students for each popular response to come forward and explain why they chose that answer. This empowers them because they know there are other students that support their position.
    Steven Douglas • I would like to thank all of you for your input.

    I guest lectured today to the undergraduate IB classes at Shepherd University in Shepherdstown, WV. This was the 4th semester I have done this. The adjunct who teaches this class followed up the lecture with an ethical debate.

    I find it troublesome lecturing a bunch of university age students who take a class they have no interest in but are required to take as part of their Business Degree. I did what I could to keep them engaged and felt that I did get through to some of them.

    I guess I can be happy that some of the students seemed to learn something.

    Then again, teaching to the MBA IB class is a bit more interesting since the students are older and usually have more working background.

    I took advantage of all of your suggestions and added some of my own additional research and Russian/China background.

    F. Zeynep Bilgin • Hi Steven, regarding your course Ethics in International Business see please the book of Ferrell, Fraderick & Ferrrell 2009. The book outline provides you diverse company examples Wal-Mart, Coca Cola , Enron etc

    Business ethics: Ethical decision making and cases
    OC Ferrell, J Fraedrich… – 2009 – books.google.com

    http://books.google.de/books?hl=de&lr=&id=GiQMr5w1N_kC&oi=fnd&pg=PR1&dq=unethical+business+behavior+cases&ots=OYm6xa_LIu&sig=_qAh2sw8kywWMZDQlylwpbNOM3o#v=onepage&q=unethical%20business%20behavior%20cases&f=false

    Gabriele Suder • Hello, If you are interested in a case study about Microsoft and its Corporate Citizenship activities, here is the link to a case study (‘Pro bono publico?’) that I co-authored: http://www.ecch.com/educators/products/view?id=81242 (There is also a related teaching note). All the best,

    Mahamouda Salouhou, PhD. • Thank you all for your input and suggestions,

    Lakshmi Mudunuru • Hello everyone here.. I teach Business Ethics for MBA IB students at GITAM School of International Business, India. I’ve been offering the course for the last ten years. It has been a challenging, exciting and encouraging experience. Day one is a challenge, day 2 exciting and day 3 encouraging. I use a variety of pedagogy and ensure that i engage the entire class, understand the mood of the students, and ensure everyone is with me in the class. I use a combination of role plays, video documentaries, debates, and discussion. I am in the role of a facilitator and moderator. In all humility i submit that my student feedback is ‘awesome’. The students have been my great motivators. And thank you, I thoroughly enjoyed and learnt from all of your comments on this group, which has prompted me to share my experience.

    Anil Agarwal • I teach ethics as part of my Global Business Course at the University of Arizona . Ethics in Global business is a huge topic and one that should be given a lot of significance . I would recommend a book by Linda Klebe and Katherine A. Nelson ” Managing Business Ethics : Straight talk about how to do it right . Fourth Edition . Standards of ethics differ in different countries .

    ranko orlic • Hi, everyone,
    I’m profesor of business ethics at Belgrade University, Serbia. Regarding IBE one who theaches this must not avoid Kantian ethics and the principle of universalization. I always start lectures with this. We can spread the subject if you wish.

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